Joan Hodgson Riviere (28 June – 20 May ) was a British psychoanalyst, who was In she published “Womanliness as a Masquerade” in which she looks at an area of sexual development of intellectual women in particular. Documents Similar To Riviere, Joan. Womanliness as Masquerade, International Journal of Psychoanalysis, Vol. 10, , Müller-Braunchweig. Womanliness as a masquerade: Joan Rivière. by Julia Evans on January 1, Published: 1) International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, , Vol 9.

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P95 of Collected Papers: In she published “Womanliness as a Masquerade” in which she looks at an area of sexual development of intellectual women in particular, where femininity is a defensive mask that is put on to hide masculinity.

This site uses cookies. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: She argues that in the masquerade the woman mimics an authentic and genuine womanliness but then authentic womanliness itself is such mimicry that it is a masquerade.

Riviere was born in Brighton. Some Lacanian History Although her contributions have not been adequately recognised, Joan Riviere contributed much to psychoanalysis.

Fraudulent femininity conceals a wish for masculinity that must be hidden out of a fear of not being accepted by men.

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Her ideas are suggestive of femininity existing for the purpose of impressing and pleasing men implicitly of course. Riviere married Evelyn Riviere in and had a child, but suffered a breakdown on the death of her father around that time.

In other words, they are the same thing.

Since Riviere was emotionally close to her father, his premature death in was so upsetting to her that she spent several periods in nursing homes. These two articles were deeply, deeply mind-boggling. In she published “Jealousy as a Mechanism of Defence” in womaliness jealousy is seen to be a defence against envy aroused by the primal scene. Joan Riviere as translator between Freud and Jones”.


By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Masqyerade and Privacy Policy. However, he does not seem to see that the paper is exclusively about a certain group of women, neither clearly homosexual nor clearly heterosexual, in whom femininity is a masquerade. A highly cultured woman, Riviere was interested in literature, arts and the theatre.

Joan Riviere

In an indirect manner, she flirts and coquettes with men to obtain sexual advances from them. A woman identifies as a man, i. The case from which Riviere develops this argument involves a successful intellectual woman who seeks reassurance from men after her public engagements, most prominently in the form of sexual attentions. If the woman is described to force her femininity in order to be more accepted by men, then gender itself exists for that purpose.

Riviere traces the roots of the homosexual development in women to frustration during sucking or weaning which gives rise to intense sadism towards both parents, particularly the mother.

Joan Riviere – Wikipedia

And if human beings have a deeply imbedded instinct to impress the opposite sex, complying with that instinct now means complying with the unnatural gender construct, the unnatural quality of it being unbeknownst to us.

She also met Melanie Klein.

Freud understood Riviere better than Jones had but the analysis was very short. Notify me of new comments via email. These emotional difficulties led her to psychoanalysis with Ernest Jones in In this paper, Riviere demonstrates with convincing clinical material a fraudulent femininity in a certain type of woman, not overtly homosexual, but not fully heterosexual.


She makes an original contribution here in understanding and demonstrating that it is oral envy that leads the morbidly jealous woman to search for unattainable love and to feel deprived. The Letter A discussion list around Freudian and Lacanian texts and related events.

She was afraid of impotence in exactly the same way as a man. Suffering from emotional distress, she went for therapeutic psychoanalysis with Ernest Jones in Her uncle, Arthur Woollgar Verrall organised meetings of the Society for Psychical Research where she discovered the work of Sigmund Freud and Ernest Jonesand this stimulated her interest in psychoanalysis. Her attitude to sexual intercourse before marriage was a set deteixoination to obtain and experience the enjoyment and pleasure which she knew some women have in it, and the orgasm.

They wonderfully tie together in their deeming of the idea of gender as fabricated. By contrast Riviere drawing on Klein ‘puts the emphasis elsewhere Her “Contribution to the Analysis of the Negative Therapeutic Reaction” is ‘widely regarded as her most important contribution to psychoanalytic theory’, building as it did on her personal experience — ‘drawing on the painful experiences bound up with her analyses with Jones and Freud’.