Exsurge Domine: Johann Eck: helped compose the papal bull Exsurge Domine (June ), in which Pope Leo X condemned 41 of Luther’s theses and . The bull threatening Luther with excommunication, Exsurge Domine (“Arise, O Lord”), was published on June 15, It represented the culmination of several . Exsurge Domine. A bull issued in June by Pope Leo X, threatening the excommunication of Luther. Source for information on Exsurge Domine: The.

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No one is certain that he is not always sinning mortally, because of the most hidden vice of pride. As a result, Luther was excommunicated in Excommunications are only external penalties and they do not deprive man of the common spiritual prayers of the Church.

The Pope’s words include these translated into English: They found this task more difficult than had initially been anticipated on account of the widespread public support for Luther, particularly in Germany. Thus we beseech and remind this Martin, his supporters and accomplices of his holy orders and the described punishment. Their tongues are fire, a restless evil, full of deadly poison. Todd calls the bull “contradictory, lacking in charity, and incidentally far less effective than it might have been.

With the publication of the bull, sporadic public burnings of Luther’s works began to take place in Germany in accordance with Leo X’s instructions.

When the committee members had obtained agreement among themselves regarding the selection of forty-one propositions which they deemed to be problematic, they somine submitted their draft text to Leo X. A proposition that causes scandal or offense when it is advanced within a particular context “may not necessarily be so noxious under different circumstances. Now Augustine maintained that her authority had to be accepted so completely that he stated he would not have believed the Gospel unless the domnie of the Catholic Exsurgge had vouched for it.

We grieve the more that this happened there because we and our predecessors have always held this nation in the bosom of our affection. Ecclesiastical prelates and secular princes would not act badly if they destroyed all of the money bags of beggary.

Exsurge Domine | papal bull |

Since they have burned my books, I burn theirs. Let all this holy Church of God, I say, arise, and with the blessed apostles intercede with almighty God to purge the errors of His sheep, to banish all heresies from the lands of the faithful, and be pleased to maintain the peace and unity of His holy Church.

We restrain all in the virtue of holy obedience and under the penalty of an automatic major excommunication Indulgences are necessary only for public crimes, and are properly conceded only to the harsh and impatient.

Moreover, on account of Eck’s efforts to speed the committee along, donine did not have sufficient opportunity to thoroughly examine the material Luther had already published. Following additional prayers of intercession directed towards the Apostles Peter and Paul and the “whole church of the saints” to defend Catholicism against Luther, the bull proceeds to list the forty-one propositions previously selected by the committee.


He appended a preface and conclusion and issued the document as an official papal bull on 15 June Some of these have already been condemned by councils and the constitutions of our predecessors, and expressly contain even the comine of the Greeks and Bohemians.

A copy of Exsurge Domine is extant in the Vatican Library. Haereticos comburi, est contra voluntatem Spiritus. For, according to the prophet, neither is healing oil nor the doctor lacking in Galaad. Luther MonumentWashington D.

With a hardened spirit he has continued under censure over a year. Failure to comply with these canons, according to the testimony of Cyprian, will be the fuel and cause of all heresy and schism. Excommunications are only external penalties and they do not deprive man of the common spiritual prayers of the Church. This be my recantation, O bull, thou daughter of bulls.

Therefore let Martin himself and all those adhering to him, and those who shelter and support him, through the merciful heart of our God and the sprinkling of the blood of our Lord Jesus Christ by which and through whom the redemption of the human race and the upbuilding of holy mother Church was accomplished, know that from our heart we exhort and beseech that he cease to disturb the peace, unity, and truth of the Church for which the Savior prayed so earnestly to the Father. Sins are not forgiven to anyone, unless when the priest forgives them he believes they are forgiven; on the contrary the sin would remain unless he believed it was forgiven; for indeed the remission of sin and the granting of grace does not suffice, but it is necessary also to believe that there has been forgiveness.

Exsurge Domine – Oxford Reference

The heads of the three major mendicant ordersthe DominicansFranciscans and Augustinianswere represented. Some articles of John Hus, condemned in the Council of Constance, are most Christian, wholly exsurte and evangelical; these the universal Church could not condemn. Furthermore, all writings which contain some or all of his errors are to be burned.

We have even offered him safe conduct and the money necessary for the journey urging him to come without fear or any misgivings, which perfect charity should cast out, and to talk not secretly but openly and face to face after the example of our Savior and the Apostle Paul. For, according to these errors, or any one or several of them, it clearly follows that the Church which is guided by the Holy Spirit is in error exsurgge has always erred. If, however, this Martin, his supporters, adherents and accomplices, much to our regret, should stubbornly not comply with the mentioned stipulations within the mentioned period, we shall, following the teaching of the holy Apostle Paul, who teaches us to avoid a heretic after having admonished him for a first and a second time, condemn this Martin, his supporters, adherents and accomplices as barren vines which are not in Christ, preaching an offensive doctrine contrary to the Christian faith exsuurge offend the divine majesty, to the damage and shame of the entire Christian Church, and diminish the keys of the Church as stubborn and public heretics.


If he had done this, we are certain he would have changed in heart, and he would have recognized his errors. Protestant author Philip Schaff notes that “The bull of excommunication is the papal counter-manifesto to Luther’s Theses, and condemns in him the whole cause of the Protestant Reformation.

Pope Leo X Threatens Luther – Exsurge Domine

By listing them, we decree and declare that all the faithful of both sexes must regard them as condemned, reprobated, and rejected. The souls in purgatory sin without intermission, as long as they seek rest and abhor punishment. No one of sound mind is ignorant how destructive, pernicious, scandalous, and seductive to pious and simple minds these various errors are, how opposed they are to all charity and reverence for the holy Exssurge Church who is the mother of all the faithful and teacher of the faith; how destructive they are of the vigor of ecclesiastical discipline, namely obedience.

For example, Luther’s opposition to the burning of heretics proposition 33 and his anti-war stance with respect to the Ottoman Turks proposition 34 reflect opinions also shared by Desiderus Erasmus.

This page was last edited on 26 Decemberat Some of these have already been condemned by councils and the constitutions of our predecessors, and expressly contain even the heresy of the Greeks and Bohemians.

If through an impossibility he who confessed was not contrite, or the priest did not absolve seriously, but in a jocose manner, if nevertheless he believes that he has been absolved, he is most truly absolved. For now a new Porphyry rises who, as the old once wrongfully assailed the holy apostles, now assails the holy pontiffs, our predecessors. Many of Luther’s important works setting forth his disagreements with Catholic theology, including On the Babylonian Captivity of the Churchhad not yet been published when this bull was issued.

Prior to Eck’s involvement, Cajetan had expressed his desire that the committee members examine the whole context of Luther’s writings and specify careful distinctions among the various degrees of censure to be applied to Luther’s teachings.