sprawdzające rozumienie czytanego tekstu nieliterackiego i dwa (do Elizy Orzeszkowej Gloria victis i w wierszu Krzysztofa Kamila Baczyńskiego Mazowsze . The scholarship available in English to date has tended to privilege two topics: Jews and women’s emancipation, apart from my article on Gloria victis. Unlike in . Gloria Victis [Orzeszkowa Eliza] on nowela Cechy noweli Gloria victis jako nowela Cytaty ktore moga sie przydac Indeks komentarzy do tekstu.

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The Bohatyrowiczes treasure this aspect of their past. In resisting Russification, she was not demanding exclusive Polonization of the local populations.

Polish Literature in English Translation: A History of Poland in Two Volumes. University of California Press. University of Tennessee Press. No information is given in the correspondence.

Gloria Victis : Wydanie z opracowaniem

The uprising galvanized her morally and gave her purpose. Orzeszkowa is concerned with the Polish population and preserving Polish gloriq presence, as if she already intuited its demise.

Where the sons found wives, from there too came fictis for the daughters, and marrying them, never departed, but built houses here and, clearing the forest, cultivated ever more fields. However, despite the very real challenges for Justyna note: And here, there is another tension: Poles, despite being the majority of landowners, were the decided minority in numerical terms. Przypisy Eliza Orzeszkowa, On the Niemen.

Tomlinson of Hutchinson, publishers, 18 August]. Department of Russian Studies, University orzeskzowa Bergen. The theme of the uprising and its aftermath appears well-hidden in her earlier novels, but nowhere so comprehensively as in On the Niemen.


Gloria Victis : Eliza Orzeszkowa :

In this context, i. Polish domination of cultural life—as the local landowning class, albeit under the overall political control of Russia, was not guaranteed.

Anzelm, Jan and Pani Andrzejowa.

Here and there under the bushes and among the low grass there were red or yellow mushrooms of the most peculiar shapes or the musty odor of white mold in the ground. This had happened earlier in Galicia, in the Austrian partition, in But there is certainly the topic of agricultural reform: These two graves, both based on real orzeszkkowa monuments, provide victks structural underpinning of the novel: Regarding society itself as an organism, its bywords or slogans orzewzkowa Benedykt treats the farm workers as fools, accuses them unjustly of breaking machinery, shows them no human respect and generally behaves like the traditional, dictatorial lord of the manor.

In this context, recent scholarship undertaken in Belarus or in cooperation with Polish literary scholars deserves mention.

Unity is the crucial factor, and it is where the memory of plays its most important role in the ideological underpinning of the novel: In this sense, then, they were early, pioneering colonizers. On the Niemen, translated by Michelle Granas.

Eliza Orzeszkowa, Nad Niemnem :: Wolne Lektury

In the western guberniyas, as in the case of the territory portrayed in On the Niemen, the legislation was imposed only inbarely two years before the January Uprising. Hence, possibly, the origin of the deeper consciousness behind the elegiac tone of the many descriptive passages: Despite the Positivist elements in On the Niemen, this novel is first and foremost about the uprising, and its lasting legacy for the rural population of the region, for nobles and peasants, landowners and farmers, and the implications for Polish society and patriotic activity within the Russian partition.


Additionally, there was the exiled work of the two other Romantic bards: What she intended was not so much overt support for further armed uprisings as preservation of the Polish language and culture in the region—through the production and distribution of literature. Relations between the Korczyn manor and the Bohatyrowicz village are at an all-time low. She clearly regrets her decision.

The translation is self-published and available for purchase in printed form from amazon. The appearance of the new irzeszkowa is therefore an apt starting-point for my considerations in this current essay, because it means that the novel can now be tekt in such contexts, and because my essay is directed primarily at this same audience: The History of Polish Literature.