BHIKHU PAREKH RETHINKING MULTICULTURALISM PDF
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In it, Bhikhu Parekh shows that the Western tradition of political philosophy has very limited theoretical resources to multiulturalism with cultural diversity. A citizen cannot be committed to her political community unless it is also committed to her, pareh she cannot belong to it unless it accepts her as one of it. W e instinctively suspect attempts to homogenize a culture and impose a single identity on it, for we are acutely aware that every culture is internally plural and differentiated.
T hird, every culture is internally plural and reflects a continuing conversation between its different traditions and strands of thought.
Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory – Wikipedia
Parekh writes about the dangers of avoiding ignoring diversity as well as if diversity is over addressed. The two do not necessarily coincide.
Patriotism is not the monopoly of the conservatives, and the socialists, the radicals and the communists can be loyal to their community just as much as and even more than they are. The American Whites, for example, take a demeaning view of Blacks partly under the influence of the racist culture, partly because this helps them justify the prevailing system of domination, and partly because the deeply disadvantaged Blacks do sometimes exhibit some of the features that confirm White stereotypes.
This does not mean that it has no powers of self-determination and inner impulses, but rather that it is porous and subject to external influences which it assimilates in its now autonomous ways. The political community therefore cannot expect its members to develop a sense of belonging to it unless it in turn belongs to them.
However, they can be defined in several different ways, of which the liberal is only one and not always the most coherent.
Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory
Nor does it mean that all cultures are equally rich and deserve equal respect, that each of them is good for its members, or that they cannot be compared and critically assessed.
A dialogue between cultures requires that each should be willing to open itself up to mulficulturalism influence of and learn from others, and this presupposes that it is self-critical and willing and able to engage in a dialogue with itself.
multicuturalism When the dominant culture defines the minorities in a demeaning way and systematically reinforces it by all the institutional and other means at its disposal, they consciously or unconsciously internalize the negative self-image, lack self-esteem, and feel alienated from the mainstream society. Parekh’s book addresses several topics, primarily multicultural politics, as well as the practice and theory behind addressing these politics.
Views Read Edit View history. The political theories, institutions, vocabulary, virtues and skill that we have developed in multiculturxlism course of consolidating and conducting the affairs of a culturally homogeneous state during the past three centuries are of limited help, and sometimes even a positive handicap, in dealing with multicultural societies. Its members do not directly belong to each other as in an ethnic group but through their mediating membership of a shared community, and they are committed to multicultuuralism other because they are all in their own different ways committed to a common mklticulturalism community.
Each of them — be it liberalism, conservatism, socialism or nationalism — is embedded in a particular culture, represents a particular vision of the good life, and is necessarily narrow and partial.
All it means is that no culture is wholly worthless, that it deserves at least some respect because of what it means to its members and the creative energy it displays, that no culture is perfect and has a right to impose itself on others, rethinkng that cultures are best changed from within.
Closed cultures cannot and do not wish or need to talk to each other. The commitment to the political multicultyralism involves commitment to its continuing existence and well-being, and implies that one cares enough for it not to harm its interests and undermine its integrity.
Each carries bits of the other within itself and is never wholly sui generis. All claims that a particular parrekh or way of thinking or living is perfect, the best, or necessitated by human nature itself appear incoherent and even bizarre, for it goes against our well-considered conviction that all ways of thought and life are inherently limited and cannot embody the full range of the richness, complexity and grandeur of human existence.
Rethinking Multiculturalism – Bhikhu Parekh – Macmillan International Higher Education
A multicultural society should not repeat the mistake of its monocultural counterpart by requiring that all its communities should become multicultural. He was chair of the Commission on the Future of Multi-Ethnic.
From Wikipedia, the free rethikning. Cultures grow out of conscious and unconscious interactions with each other, define their identity in terms of what they take to be their significant other, and are at least partially multicultural in their origins and constitution.
Since each defines its identity in terms of its differences from others or what it is not, it feels threatened by them and seeks to safeguard rethinkinv integrity by resisting their influences and even avoiding all contacts with them.
The erstwhile Soviet Union and Yugoslavia lacked the requisite imagination and wisdom and met their doom. He then discusses ,ulticulturalism it can be revised and what new conceptual tools are needed.
T he political context in which the Constitution was drafted has however altered considerably.