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Berio thus draws upon all aspects of the gerio – from the syntax of the phrases to the details of the speech sound – to structure this passage. Circles develops musically three poems by e. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. This page was last edited on 31 Marchat The text falls into three phrases, each of which is framed in one of the berko diagrammed phrases. License request Hire request.

Next work Compass Luciano Berio Compass.

Circles (programme note)

Another striking example of these pseudo-consonants which abound in this movement occurs on the rolled r of the word morte. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Written in Circles is a setting of three poems by E. Figure 6 Thus the first and third phrases of the vocal line and the introduction and interlude share the common feature of moving to the tonal reference point.

Circles Year of composition: Setting the Sound of the Text. Circles for female voice, harp and two percussion players Circoes by e.

Luciano Berio: Circles

The final appearance of Circels in the passage is in the melisma on the word morte in bar There can be little doubt, in this context, that his careful attention to the timbres of the text are inspired by the aesthetic of the author of these poems: Coming as it does at the fircles moment of the movement, this overlap between speech the rolled r and non-speech the woodblock roll calls to mind the predominant percussion and circpes figuration of the movement: Setting the Sound of the Text The organization of the sforzandithe fermatas, and the recurring tonal reference serve as a structural frame for a continuous interaction of the text and music throughout the movement.

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The work followed by two years the landmark composition Thema Omaggio a Joyce in which Berio deconstructed Berberian’s voice through the use of innovative electronic manipulation.

There are the traditional devices of word-painting: Music is never pure: The structure of the passage is diagrammed in Figure 1. Of more immediate interest, however, are the extrapolations from the speech sounds in the text to the timbre and figuration in the instrumental parts.

As indicated in Figure 1, these phrases are articulated by: Il contenuto di questa pagina richiede una nuova versione di Adobe Flash Player. Even if Berio’s Circles points to the major musical interests of its time, especially at the level of the use of a text’s phonetic traits, its truly innovative qualities lie in the way the study of a simple development on the basis of a physical analogy between the phonetic and instrumental material is carried out to the benefit of a deeper exploration of all aspects of linguistic and musical organization.

Tomb in measure 5 is sung on the lowest vocal pitch in the passage. In Figure 1, it can be seen to coincide with two structurally important moments in the percussion parts: Retrieved from ” https: At critical points of change in the evolution of musical languages, text and approaches to text-setting are often given a structural importance they do not have when the syntax of the musical sound itself is more self-evident.

Circles is not a series of vocal fragments with instrumental accompaniment, but rather an elaboration of the three poems in a unified form where vocal and instrumental action strictly condition each other. The theatrical aspects of the performance are inherent in the structure of the work itself which is, above all, a structure of actions: Circles is the result of a convergence between a type of literature that since the beginning of the century “Finnegans Wake” would be an extreme case has achieved a “musical” autonomy and an explosion of traditional forms and a type of music which attempts, by means of the structures of spoken language, to win back the characteristics of all language, whether musical or linguistic.


Morte can be seen as the climax of the movement for several reasons. This is the first recurrence of this beroi. The vocal part occasionally adopts a ” detache ” style which prevents us from tracking the voice from one pitch and one speech sound to another beerio easily as we might. She is also required to perform on specific percussion instruments such as finger cymbalsclavesand various kinds of chimes.

Text and Music in Luciano Berio’s Circles

In Circles the possibilities are enlarged by the presence of the words, Nos. Our composers Luciano Berio Works Circlee. To be able to use Universal Edition in full range, we recommend activating Javascript in your browser. Monteverdi’s text-dependent use of dissonance in the secunda prattica and berii text-driven structures of Schoenberg’s Pierrot Lunaire are only the most obvious examples.

In Circles the three poems are arranged in the following order: A Garland for Dr. Then he wrote out the relationship between me and the instrumentalists, who were to produce sounds similar to the word that I was pronouncing, and I was to adjust the sound of the spoken word to the sound of the instruments.

Luciano Beri Text author: Sign up for our newsletter! The rolled r in the voice is extended durationally and by timbral extrapolation by a woodblock roll in percussion I see Figure 8. For example, the word “sting-” at the beginning corresponds exactly to the sound of the harp.