Genus Baphia refers to using the heartwood of the plant to extract a red dye. Species nitida refers to the wood having a polished surface. Ethnobotanical Uses . Widespread in west Africa, there are no major threats to this species at present. However, it is largely utilized locally throughout its range as a source of building. Kingdom: Plantae. Phylum/Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Eudicots. Order: Fabales. Family: Fabaceae. Genus: Baphia. Species: B. nitida. Common Names .

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In southern Benin and south-western Nitidq, Yoruba ceremonial masks are painted dark red with a decoction of the wood[ ]. It is an extremely variable species. It was used for dark grey and black colours in the wool-cloth industry until the beginning of the 20 th century.

Fruits are straight pods, cm long and mm wide, sharply niida at both ends and with brown, flat seeds. Click on “show more” to view them. Don Delaria pyrifolia Desv.

We are currently updating this section. Because the dye does not dissolve well in water the wood is boiled for 1.

Camwood (Baphia nitida)

It prefers moist soil. Revised structures of santalin and santarubin. Agroforestry Systems 42 1: As body paint it is considered to have magic powers: For more information about QR Codes click here. African whitewood Triplochiton scleroxylon The African whitewood Triplochiton scleroxylonknown as arere in Yoruba and obeche in Bini, is a large fast-growing tree, reaching 65 m ftusually with a straight trunk and buttresses up to about 8 m 26 ft high.


Other Uses The heartwood and roots yield a red dye that is used to dye raffia and cotton textiles[ ]. It reaches about 9 m 30 bsphia and produces small, fragrant pea flowers, white with yellow centres, from February to May. Extracts of fresh leaves inhibited digestion, showed antidiarrhoeal effects and also demonstrated analgesic activity[ ]. An ointment made from the leaves showed anti-inflammatory activity in mice and rats and this supported the baphix use in traditional medicine.

Baphia Nitida Herb Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients

The seeds are edible. The pounded dried root, mixed with water and oil, is applied to a ringworm-like fungus attacking the feet[ ].

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. Prefers a fertile, medium-textured soil[ ]. There are 8 Wikipedia citations related to Baphia nitida Lodd. This QR Code is unique to this page. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 24 – 30?

Baphia nitida Baphia nitida. Pterocarpin is a pterocarpan found in B.

When freshly cut the sapwood is yellowish white, emitting an unpleasant smell, scarcely darkening when dry. Prefers a pH in the range 5 – 5.

In Benin a decoction of the leaves is taken against jaundice and diabetes; in combination with leaves of Morinda lucida Benth. Many-stemmed erect shrub or small tree up to 9 m tall with glabrous to densely pubescent branchlets. This Faboideae -related article is a stub. Seed – For best results cuttings should be taken from rather young parts of the plant[ ]. The powdered heartwood is also use medicinally, mixed with shea butter from the savannah tree Vitellaria paradoxa bwphia ease joint and muscle pain.


Extraction of the colorants in the countries where the trees grow, to produce liquid or powdered extracts, would bring much added value and allow further baphiaa of the extracted wood as fuel.

The wood is used for house posts, rafters, naves of wheels and utensils such as walking sticks, mortars, pestles, tool-handles and farm implements.

Leaf extracts vaphia demonstrated analgesic activity in mice. Camwood is easy to cultivate and can be propagated by seeds and cuttings. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[ ]. Baphia nitida planted as shade tree obtained from National Parks Board, Singapore. Baphia nitida foliage obtained from National Parks Board, Singapore. Read more about the Fabaceae family. Baphia nitida Baphia nitida Lodd.

Baphia nitida Baphia nitida x – 83k bapnia. Native, Naturalised and Cultivated Species.