Page 1. Page 2. Page 3. Page 4. Page 5. Page 6. Page 7. Page 8. Page 9. Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page The Brahma Sutra defines the thread of Life Force (Prana) by which all of the ritual and Uttara-Mimāṃsā by Badarayana which is called Brahma-Mimāṃsā or. The Vedanta Sutras of Badarayana, Commentary by Sankara (SBE 38), translated by George Thibaut [], at

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But they differ amongst themselves as to the nature of this Brahman, the relation of the individual soul to Brahman, the state of the soul in the state of final emancipation, the means of attaining It and Its causality with reference to this universe. This is the shortest chapter with 78 sutras and 38 adhikaranas. The commentary of Sri Nimbarkacharya is known as Hrahma. Sutras are concise aphorisms.

Audulomi and Asmarathya also did this work in their own way and founded their own schools of thought. The last Pada of the second chapter extracts and summarizes the theories of human body, sensory organs, action organs and their relationship to Prana vital breath in the various Vedic Brahmanas and Upanishads. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Sri Sankara’s commentary is the best commentary. This Brahmasutra chapter asserts that all the Upanishads primarily aim and coherently describe the knowledge and meditation of Brahmanthe ultimate reality.

Samhita Brahmana Aranyaka Upanishad.

Articles containing Sanskrit-language text All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from November It is also known as the Vedanta Sutra Sanskrit: The Brahma-sutra text is dated to centuries that followed Buddha and Mahavirabecause it mentions and critiques the ideas of Buddhism and Jainism in Chapter 2.

With reference to this point the present Sutra now remarks that knowledge has regard. The Brahma Sutras or Brahmasutra are attributed to Badarayana. The work consists of 4 Adhyayas chapters16 Padas sectionsAdhikaranas topics and Sutras aphorisms.



The opening sutras of chapter 4 continue the discussion of meditation as means to knowledge, with sutra 4. You identify yourself with the body and say, ‘I am fair, dark, stout or thin.

The individual souls undergo a state of Sankocha contraction during Pralaya. Sankara has taken Brahman in His transcendental aspect, while Sri Ramanuja has taken Him chiefly in His immanent aspect.

The Vedanta Sutras of Badarayana: Third Adhyâya. Fourth Pâda.: III, 4, 26

Thibaut has translated this badaraayana into English. Sutras were meant to assist the memory of the student braha had gone through long discussions with his guru, as memory aids or clues and maximum thoughts were compressed in a few words which were unambiguous, giving the essence of the arguments on the topic. Similarly Sm ri ti says, ‘Works are the washing away of uncleanliness, but knowledge is the highest way.

Bhaskara, [] Yadava Prakasha []. They expand Vikasa during creation. Jaimini is the author of the Purva Mimamsa. The Self whose true nature has manifested itself is released; according to the promise made by scripture.

They merge themselves in Para Brahman. The appearance of this world is due to Maya-the illusory power of Brahman which is neither Sat nor Asat. It is the cause of the evil that exists within the world. Retrieved from ” https: Advaita philosophy is the most sublime and the grandest philosophy of the Hindus. You can understand the second chapter if you have a knowledge of Sankhya, Nyaya, Yoga, Mimamsa, Vaiseshika Darsana and Buddhistic school, too. Matter and souls are called modes of Him Prakara.

The individual soul becomes identical with Brahman when his Avidya is destroyed. As temperaments are different, different badarayanaa are also necessary to suit the taste, capacity, and stage of evolution of the aspirant. The individual soul has limited himself through Avidya and identification with the body and other vehicles.

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Philosophy and Identity in Indian Intellectual History. Each chapter contains four Padas. He never condemned selfless service or Nishkama Karma Yoga. The first chapter Samanvayadhyaya unifies Brahman, the second Avirodhadhyaya refutes other philosophies, the third Sadhanadhyaya deals with practice Sadhana to attain Brahman and the fourth Phaladhyaya treats of fruits of Self-realisation. What’s New Spiritual Life People were following blindly brhama rituals during the time of Sri Sankara.

The commentary also is in need of further elaborate explanation. It will remain a personality for ever. IV, 4, 22declares that sacrifices and so on are means of knowledge, and as the text connects them with the ‘seeking to sutra we conclude that they are, more especially, means of the origination of knowledge.

Brahma Sutras – Wikipedia

Badarayanna is defined in Vedanta texts of commentary on the Sutras, states Klaus Witz, as “a continuous succession of comparable basic conceptions, beliefs, not interspersed with dissimilar ones, which proceeds according to the scriptures and relates to an object enjoined in the scriptures”.

Maximum of thought is compressed or condensed into these Sutras in as few words as possible.

This page was last edited on 20 Decemberat The text is part of brahmma Prasthanatrayior the three starting points for the Vedanta school of Hindu philosophy. Sankara Bhashya is the oldest of all commentaries. It is the authentic record of transcendental experiences or direct badarahana actual realisation of the great Hindu Rishis or seers. This can be achieved by Bhakti devotion. Hence it is said to be the Siras head of Vedas. His school of thought is Kevala Advaita.