ASTM D (D ) covers multiple properties of O-Rings. Part of the specification includes tension testing for determining the breaking. AMS and MIL-R Type 1 Class 1 Typical Values. Hardness, Shore A, ASTM D 90 ±5. Tensile Strength, psi, ASTM D min. ASTM D Standard Test Methods for Rubber O-Rings.

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Elongation and tensile strength are the two main calculations. Next Checking to see if you are a returning visitor….

WaveMatrix 2 for Dynamic Testing. The upper spindle rotates freely and the rotation frequency of the lower spindle is easily selected by moving the toothed belt from one pulley to another.

Concrete, Asphalt and Rock. The fixture can use interchangeable rollers at different sizes. Alongside Gough-Joule, quality managers may age their rubber specimens inside an environmental conditioning chamber to test other parameters.

Consideration needs to be made for the fixture geometry spool separation and diameter as well as specimen geometry. The constant gripping force prevents specimen slippage while under test. Contact Us View Accessories Catalog. In some cases, a special type of oil may be used to alleviate friction between the ID of the O-ring and the grip surface.

The rotation keeps localized stress moments on the sample to a minimum. By continuing to use our site, you accept our cookie policy. In some cases, Instron elastomeric rubber grips have also been found to work well.

ASTM D – 15 Standard Test Methods for Rubber O-Rings

ASTM D specifies the procedures for determining the physical properties 1d414 o-rings. Pre-canned test methods are also available for both o-ring and straight specimens to make setup time faster and easier. The fixture ships complete with a power adapter for both US and International power outlets. If your O-ring specimens fall within the allowed criteria, they can ast, tested with a static fixture.


It is important to review ASTM D in order to fully understand the test setup, procedure, and results requirements. It is dd1414 that groups of samples are tested and the data is compared using a method similar to Statistical Process Control.

They are designed with standard and optional features that increase testing efficiency and improve the testing experience for the operator.

Cracking, flaking, general brittleness, and other characteristics can appear in the rubber O-rings when they are exposed to temperature cycles and solar radiation. We use cookies to improve your browsing experience. Rubber bands r1414 also commonly tested under this standard to test their tensile strength and elongation characteristics.

Rings under tension in high temperature environments can experience something called the Gough-Joule effect where they tend to contract in this scenario.

Secure gripping – When testing straight specimens or single strands, pneumatic side action grips with serrated or rubber coated d144 are the preferred gripping configuration. This simple circular elastomer design is interesting since O-rings are used in so many sealing applications.

The challenges of testing to this standard: Top top grip has a counterweight to allow for even loading. The versatility of an O-ring allows it to function in multiple modalities. The standard sizes that Universal Grip carries are 3.

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ASTM D1414 Rubber O-Rings

Our Series Elastomeric “O” Ring Test Fixtures were designed to accurately meet the requirements, and conveniently avoid r1414 need for lubricants or external power motors. Our Series or Series universal testing systems can easily be used to perform the tests atm out within this standard. Subscribe to Instron News! Fixture – The standard specifies a fixture consisting of two spools to hold an o-ring while under test.

The Rubber O-Ring test standard uses a special motorized fixture that rotates at c1414 speed throughout the test. Specimen gripping Specimen slippage Calculations Our solutions: Bluehill LE for Basic Testing. Email addresses must contain the symbol. How can we help you? These specimens can be tested as whole rings or as straight, cylindrical specimens. Subscribe to Our Newsletters.

Some advanced calculations including elongation modulus can also be derived from the data. Static rubber rings are used for gas sealing d1441 specialized applications including vacuums. These materials tend to elongate extensively so attention must be made to the total stroke of the tensile tester. There is also another test that does not require the motorized fixture. Software for Series Systems. Glossary of Materials Testing Terms.

Designed for testing elastomeric materials in the form of rings, these fixtures avoid local stress concentrations by using a lower spindle that is rotated by a toothed belt driven from the moving crosshead.