Aresti’s fundamental insight was that almost any aerobatic figure can be broken down Pingback: Aresti Notation (aerobatic symbols) | The Aerobatic Project. EXPLANATION OF ARESTI SYMBOLS. Beginning of flight. | End of flight. Inside loop (positive G). Start of manoeuvre. Outside loop (negative G). First published in , José Luis de Aresti’s ‘Sistema Aresti’ provided Aresti Notation (aerobatic symbols), Part 1: the Standard Known.

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By the end of Aresti published a dictionary of some 3, aerobatic manoeuvers, the Sistema Aerocryptographica Aresti. In this case it trades altitude for speed. These sequences are only suggestions and training tools. Then a smooth pull-up is started. The plane should not settle during the last part of the maneuver and the recovery. This unique system of diagramming maneuvers for sequences is named after its inventor, Count Jose L.

This is a detailed explanation on how to properly execute a Hammerhead to the IAC competition judging standard. The dotted line between maneuvers 4 and 5 serves only to connect them.

The following sequence is similar to the compulsory sequence for flyers in the Intermediate Class of competition. In the inside snap, the plane is momentarily stalled by applying positive G forces. The K-values included with the competition figures give an indication of symblls difficulty of each of these maneuvers.


A detailed explanation on how symbos properly execute a competition Slow Roll to the IAC judging standards. You pull up and at the same time bank the plane. The FAA commercial pilot version is similar but the maximum bank is only symbol degrees instead of 90 degrees.

The catalog broadly classifies manoeuvers into numbered families. It is followed by right-forward stick right aileron and forward elevator to keep the plane from torquing off. Two- four- and eight-point rolls are allowed.

Aerobatic Figures

At the 90 degree symbils the plane has the maximum pitch angle which should be close to the critical angle of attack. The roll has to be centered at the top of the loop. The nose then keeps dropping below the horizon and the plane keeps turning, while the bank is shallowed.

When the plane is vertical, the elevator back pressure is released completely. You push forward and fly the second half of an outside loop till you are in horizontal inverted flight. Aerobatic competitors fly three “sequences” at each contest.

The figure starts with a half loop symbls inverted flight. The maneuver starts with a pull-up of about 3 to 4 G.

Aresti Notation Tutorial |

The idea is that this is a “plan ahead” maneuver. Aerobatics Airplanes Safety Courses Competition.

When the plane has slowed enough, full rudder initiates the turnaround. The aileron is fully deflected in the direction of the roll. Moving on to advanced routines, we pull out all the stops. Make sure you are not too fast going into symbolz maneuver, otherwise you may exceed redline speed.


The catalog assigns each manoeuver a unique identifiercalled a catalog number syjbols, and difficulty factor, represented by the symbol K. Note that these sequences incorporate frequent direction changes to keep the plane near the crowd. The roll rate has to be constant and the flight path must continue in a straight line.

Again, the two loops have to have the same radius and have to be flown at the same altitude, and entry and exit altitudes have to be the same.

All aerobatic figures start and end from horizontal lines in either upright or inverted flight. The plane is above the original flight path. The exit has to be at the same altitude as the entrance to the figure. Archived from the original on 26 March Vertical segments indicate vertical flight paths.

Once the bank is established the turn is started. Credit is given in that publication sgmbols the “valuable suggestions and improvements proposed by Sr. This is another one of the maneuvers that reverse direction.