At the center of the Jewish daily prayers are the 19 blessings that make up the silent prayer, known in Hebrew as the Amidah (lit. “standing”) or Shemoneh Esrei . The centerpiece of the three daily weekday prayers, wherein we beseech Transliteration of the Weekday Amidah Psalms and Jewish Prayer for Healing. The Amidah also called the Shemoneh Esreh (שמנה עשרה ), is the central prayer of the Jewish liturgy.

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The prayer is recited standing with feet firmly together, and preferably while facing Jerusalem. Hebdew exact form and order of the blessings were codified after the destruction of the Second Temple in the first century C.

It is occasionally performed in Orthodox prayers in some communities it is customary for mincha to be recited in this wayand more common in Conservative and Reform congregations.

Where there is not much space, it has become the practice to take several tiny steps back before taking the three symbolic steps forward. The paragraph thanks God for the ability to separate between the holy and hebbrew, paraphrasing the concepts found in the Havdalah ceremony. The Amidah brings everything into focus. And all the living will give thanks unto Thee and praise Thy great name in truth, God, our salvation and help.

Kedushah is said only with a minyan quorem of tenand may not be interrupted for conversation. Open my heart in Your Torah, and after [in] Thy commandments let me [my soul] pursue.

Amidah – Wikipedia

On regular weekdays, the Amidah is prayed three times, once each during the morning, afternoon, and evening services that are known respectively as ShacharitMinchahand Ma’ariv. Jose held that one should include something new in one’s prayer every day Talmud Yerushalmi Ber.


This may have been simply because the language was well known to the Mishnah’s authors. The middle thirteen blessings compose the bakashah “request”with six personal requests, six communal requests, and a final request that God accept the prayers.

Mainstream Ashkenazi Orthodox Judaism also adds the following prayer to the conclusion of every Amidah:. Also, on all holidays, but not on Shabbat, ya’aleh v’yavo is incorporated into the middle blessing. The only exceptions are in cases of danger or for one who needs to relieve oneself, though this rule may depend on the movement of Judaism.

Macmillan Reference USA, The Reform siddur also modifies this prayer, eliminating all reference to the Temple service and replacing the request for the restoration of the Temple with “God who is near to all who call upon you, turn to your servants and be gracious to us; pour your spirit upon us. The Amidah is the central prayer of all four services: The public recitation of the Amidah is sometimes abbreviated, with the first three blessings including Kedushah said out loud and the remainder silently.

They were at first spontaneous outgrowths of the efforts to establish the Pharisaic Synagogue in opposition to, or at least in correspondence with, the Sadducean Temple service. Fill our hands with Thy blessings and the richness of the gifts of Thy hands. The Reform version begins like the traditional text, but in place of the petition for the ingathering of the exiles, it goes on to emphasize hope for universal freedom.

List of Jewish prayers and blessings. For other uses, see Amida. Doing so reminds one of what is lacking, which takes away on the feeling of spiritual and physical contentment that should be present on Shabbat and holidays. The repetition’s original purpose was to give illiterate members of the congregation a chance to be included in the chazzan’s Amidah by answering “Amen. It consist of only seven blessings – the usual first three and last three, plus a middle blessing named after its first word, Havineinu.



In Yemenite Jewish synagogues and some Sephardi synagogues, kohanim chant the priestly blessing daily, even outside Israel. Prayer for the Israel Defense Forces. Prayer for MIA Soldiers.

Jewish Prayers: The Amidah

The Rabbinical Assembly of Conservative Judaism has devised two forms for the Mussaf Amidah with varying degrees of difference from the Orthodox form. This is done by saying the person’s Hebrew name, then ” ben ” son of bebrew ” bat ” daughter ofand then his or her mother’s name for example, Joseph ben Sarah or Miriam bat Sarah. On Shabbat and holidays, an extra Amidah is added to the service, called tefilat musaf additional prayer. In many communities, when the chazzan reaches these lines during his repetition, he pauses and the congregation recites the lines before him.

Both prayers have been modified within the siddur of Conservative Judaismso that although they still ask for the restoration of the Temple, they remove the explicit plea for the resumption of sacrifices. There is a logical basis for the order and content of the blessings.

The obligation to pray three times a day, which was established by Ezra and codified in the Talmud Berakhot 26bis fulfilled by reciting the Amidah.

The many laws concerning the Amidah’s mode of prayer are designed to focus one’s concentration as one beseeches God. The blessing of thanksgiving uses the complete text, rendered in gender-neutral language. Conservative Judaism retains the traditional number and time periods during which the Amidah must be said, while omitting explicit supplications for restoration of the sacrifices.